This episode has been way too long waiting for publishing and I am apologizing publicly to Ken Spero and to those who are following my podcasting and blogging. 2014 was a year of great change for me. I have been transitioning from a full time position as a Learning Designer with the University of Adelaide to running my own learning and teaching consultancy. There has been much time away from the computer for personal reasons as well. Now in 2015 I am intending to publish once a month I hope. This episode is way too important to go unpublished and I hope Ken will record more episodes in 2015 as we explore Immersive Learning and simulations to help transformational learning.
In this fourth episode with Ken we explore more about Immersive Learning and something I had never heard of called a Resilience Report. When he challenged me before it started with “What is it that keeps people from making good decisions and in fact what is a good decision … it was quite a challenge. If we use simulations as a pedagogy to train can we simulate experience.
He gives example of a colleague or friend may have behaved inappropriately (bullying) and explains if you focus only on the student of course you have to report it, but there are other points of view needing weight. What do we do? How do we wrestle with this? With simulations we can show the choices and consequences. There is a lot to think about in this episode.
The difference between Assessment and Development
Ken talks about this difference, explaining that perception often connects the term “Score card” with Assessment. He talks about how simulations so effectively help development. They give people the opportunity to fail. Ken says as learning designers building simulations we should design really tough decisions so the learner will struggle with these decisions – if we choose the poorer pathways then we will only get “wacked by the virtual 4×4 rather than real life consequences.
Simulation provides an opportunity for participants to have to think critically and exercise judgment in realistic scenarios, to create muscle memory around thinking and not being mindless. It then provides an opportunity for the student to experience consequences so that they can expand their experience portfolios with meaningful experiences that they can draw upon in real life.
The following content is extracted from Ken’s excellent article in the Winter of 2014 Focus Magazine. I have included an extract of this for download at the end of the post.
With simulations we want to provide students with the practice of making those difficult decisions where they know that even if they make the optimal choice, parts of the outcome will be bad. Simulation provides a context for this kind of meaningful learning-by-doing and the resilience report provides:
- The insight and understanding of the issues at play.
- The trade offs/cause & effect that manifest in the scenario and/or broader context.
- Insight into the stakeholders, beyond the obvious ones, that are affected by the context.
- Demonstrations of the impact of time and what can make the students successful in the future.
The resilience report helps us to concretise the learning in decision making so that the student can literally see the issues that are at play in the issue even when the decision does not lead to the best outcome. This is a key enabler for learning of greater impact than that of instruction because it encourages students to try things out, to explore and discover. Even if they fail, they will be able to gain valuable insight into why and in that way add to their experience portfolios that they can draw upon when they face similar situations in real life
Ken wraps up this podcast episode with another major “ah aha” for a teacher wanting to build simulations. Simulations are powerful but one thing developers have trouble getting their heads around is they never need to get the simulation “right”. Simulation is a tool to drive critical thinking which means we can address learning in so many different ways Please listen to the interview all the way to the end and hear all the challenges and “ah ahas” for teachers to help students transform with their learning .. to empower them to make a difference.
Life needs Resilience
I discovered this video on YouTube. I was excited when I found one that was a student’s project no less. Covers the subject well and also starts with one of my favourite pieces of music from the movie Rocky. Then talks about the life of someone who has impacted my personal life significantly during some serious life threatening illnesses. I want to share it with you
Resilience is when a person never gives up, never loses hope, and accepts failure as part of the road to success.
Resilience does not eliminate stress or ease life’s difficulties. Instead, it gives people the strength to tackle problems head on, overcome adversity and move on with their lives in the wake of traumas.
This video highlights the characteristics of resilience and goes on to give a story of a really resilient guy. Nick Vujicic is truly a survivor and not a victim. Sure he is an Aussie, so I am biased, but his story has impacted hundreds of thousands of people around the world. Learn from Nick’s life and the concepts highlighted in this video. It also gives keys on how to improve your resilience.
A final challenge to you as a teacher and learning designer: If we can build simulations which develop people with resilience like Nick …. Let’s go for it.
- Ed Leadership SIMS (ELS): This is Ken’s Educational Consultancy Website specializing in the development of simulations Please visit.
- Measuring Experience: Scorecards and Simulations is an extracted article from the Winter 2014 edition of Focus Magazine published in the USA.
- Scenario-Based E-Learning: Ken Spero, ASTD INFOline series Oct 2012
Allan’s comment: This is a 16 pg. booklet published by ASTD targeted at and priced for the corporate marketplace. It sells for U$25.00. Ken mentioned a one off entry. I was not able to check that for when I went to this search page, I visited a different one of the results and am now locked out. Please take care on your first visit if you want to see the book
- Learning’s Hierarchy of Tools: Addressing Transactional Need Through Experiential Simulation: In this article Ken talks about a model he calls “Learning’s Hierarchy of Tools and models it on Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs … well worth a read
- Three Keys to Designing Good Scenarios: This is a short article but touches on three important tips for designing good scenarios
- ASTD Philadelphia E-Learning SIG Presentation Capturing and Deploying Experience Through Simulations with Ken Spero: This was a presentation Ken made at the ASTD in Philadelphia on Thu Sept 20th 2012. There are a good set of PowerPoint slides here for downloading.